One of the initiative aims to create , jobs for women by encouraging them to telework. A major breakthrough is that women are allowed to join the arm forces. Although some progress has been made to improve gender equality in employment, the the measures taken by the Saudi government are far from enough. The majority of the initiatives that aim to increase female participation in the labor market concern only minor additions of female professionals in public sector. For example, the Ministry of Justice puts forth a plan to recruit female researchers. Female employment presents a challenge to such traditional arrangement and disrupts the social order that the conservatives attempt to preserve in the modern era, because the increasing women participation in labor force not only gives women financial and psychological independence from men but also prevent them from fulfilling household duties.
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Political economy, branch of social science that studies the relationships between individuals and society and between markets and the state, using a diverse set of tools and methods drawn largely from economics, political science, and sociology. Historical development Political economy is a very old subject of intellectual inquiry but a relatively young academic discipline. The analysis of political economy in terms of the nature of state and market relations , both in practical terms and as moral philosophy, has been traced to Greek philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle as well as to the Scholastics and those who propounded a philosophy based on natural law. A critical development in the intellectual inquiry of political economy was the prominence in the 16th to thel 8th century of the mercantilist school, which called for a strong role or the state in economic regulation.
Cold War Influences on American Culture, Politics, and Economics
PPE's curriculum is designed to foster an interdisciplinary perspective. A good PPE student should be able to look at the world through different disciplinary windows - including economics, psychology, and ethics - so that they can better understand how political and economic systems shape human welfare. She will also be able to think through whether a particular set of actions is an equilibrium or stable point in the game, and whether we might be able to use social norms or legal sanctions to move to a socially superior equilibrium at a sufficiently low cost. In other words, PPE helps us model problems that arise when we interact with each other and then evaluate the tradeoffs among the politically feasible and morally desirable set of solutions.
Furthermore, the growing influence of capital has transcended the realm of politics, into the global economy. As the global economic relationships grow transnationally, as do the ideologies which govern them. Controlling economic power can be seen as impinging on property rights in those who are power. This limits role of ideas in taking precedence over the political economy Campbell: The ideas represented by the class of organic intellectuals needs to extend beyond.