Research paper on biodiesel from waste cooking oil
The production of biodiesel from waste vegetable oils through its pretreatment followed by transesterification process in presence of methanol was investigated using a KM micromixer reactor. The parameters affecting biodiesel production process such as alcohol to oil molar ratio, catalyst concentration, the presence of tetrahydrofuran THF as a cosolvent, and the volumetric flow rates of inlet fluids were optimized. The properties of the produced biodiesel were compared with its parent waste oil through different characterization techniques. The presence of methyl ester groups at the produced biodiesel was confirmed using both the gas chromatography-mass spectrometry GC-MS and the infrared spectroscopy FT-IR. The idea of using alternative fuels has been widely spreading for many years now as a replacement for fossil fuels. The importance of this idea came from the large scale of utilization of fossil fuels in mechanical power generation in various sectors, like agriculture, commercial, domestic, and transport sectors, and also the fact of the continuous rise in fuels cost and their eventual vanishment [ 1 ].
biodiesel research papers renewable and environmentally friendly alternative fuel
Views: Corresponding author Email: ajinkyaagroneer sdau. Biodiesel is biodegradable, clean-burning, non-toxic, renewable, high-quality, and cheap diesel fuel made primarily from waste vegetable oil which can be used without any alterations in engine design. The paper is concerned with the extraction and quality evaluation of the biodiesel fuels synthesized from waste soya bean cooking oil. Waste soya bean cooking oil had high amount of free fatty acid.
Due to the awareness of adverse effects of conventional fuels to environment and the frequent rise in crude oil price, the need for sustainable and environmentally friendly alternative source of energy has gained importance in recent years. This alternative has been identified to be biofuel, one of which is biodiesel. As such, this work was carried out to contribute to the development of biodiesel. The aim was accomplished by employing Design Expert, based on the chosen operating factors reaction temperature and methanol-to-oil ratio , to design experiments carried out for the production of biodiesel using used cooking oil and methanol in the presence of alkaline catalyst. After carrying out the experiments using the design parameters generated, the results were analysed, and a model equation was developed for the system.
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