I will begin with defining Ethical Cultural Relativism. Ethical Cultural Relativism is an ethical theory that denies the existence of universal moral truths. It claims that right and wrong must be defined variously, based on differences in cultural norms and ideas. In other words, ethics is invented not discovered. In other words, there is no one true value system and ethical objection is wrong. The first thing an Ethical Cultural Relativist would say is, all cultures are different not right or wrong.
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In explaining Cultural Relativism, it is useful to compare and contrast it with Ethical Relativism. Cultural Relativism is a theory about morality focused on the concept that matters of custom and ethics are not universal in nature but rather are culture specific. Each culture evolves its own unique moral code, separate and apart from any other. Ethical Relativism is also a theory of morality with a view of ethics similarly engaged in understanding how morality comes to be culturally defined. Stace, argues against her stance and says that ethics are not relative but absolute.
In the realm of ethics, one ultimately establishes an ethical theory, or a theory that proposes ethical standards. The two main positions one must choose are either ethical objectivism or ethical relativism. Though there are arguments both in favor and against each perspective, the outlook one will adopt depends on the individual and his or her background. In order to choose a position, one must understand what ethical relativism and ethical objectivism are. After looking at and understanding both.
Ethical relativism is the theory that there are no universalized moral standards to apply to all people all the time. The relativity of ethics refers to the ethics may be different in different societies. The same situation and behavior may be morally acceptable in one society but morally unacceptable in another. However, this theory is rejected by most ethicists. First of all, some claim that while the moral practices of societies may differ, the fundamental moral principles do not.
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