African swine fever virus threatens to devastate the swine industry and is positioned to spread throughout Asia. The virus has spread throughout the Caucuses region of Eastern Europe and was reported in China in August. It recently was detected in wild boar in Belgium. Kansas State University researchers and the Biosecurity Research Institute have several projects focused on African swine fever. Their research topics vary, but they share the same goal of stopping the spread of African swine fever and preventing it from reaching the U. If African swine fever enters the U.
Laboratory methods to study African swine fever virus
African swine fever | Article about African swine fever by The Free Dictionary
ASF is transmitted readily by direct or indirect contact. The virus may enter a herd through contaminated feed, water, equipment, clothing, or by contact with an infected animal. Feeding swine pork scraps is forbidden in some areas to prevent transmission. It also may be transmitted by some species of soft ticks, which may transmit the disease to domestic swine from wild boars and feral swine as well as from warthogs, bush pigs, and other species that can carry the disease. An outbreak that began in NE China in and continued into , spreading to other E and SE Asian countries, became the most devastating animal disease outbreak known, with significant economic consequences. Latin, Pestis Africana suum , an acute viral infection involving the reticulo-endothelial system. This disease was first observed among the swine in South Africa by Hutchen in
Dr. Cat Berge shares tips on how to protect your herd from African Swine Fever
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If African swine fever virus reaches the U. It would devastate trade and international markets, researchers say. Megan Niederwerder, Kansas State University assistant professor of diagnostic medicine and pathobiology in the College of Veterinary Medicine, wants to prevent that. Her latest research has found that African swine fever could survive in a simulated feed shipment across the ocean, which suggests that feed may be a potential way that pathogens such as African swine fever virus spread.