NSAIDs which are used to reduce pain, fever, and inflammation. NSAIDs work to reduce prostaglandins………… Opioids are an artificial drugs have the same effect as the opiate on the body. Opioids have two categories semisynthetic and synthetic opioids drugs. The opioids drugs affect the brain by acting on the opioids receptors. After taking high doses of opioids, addiction occurs that the body gets used to it, and will not respond. Rang et al 2 state that the main biochemical theory is the monoamine theory with a functional deficit of the monoamine neurotransmitters noradrenaline, serotonin and dopamine causing depression.
To browse Academia. Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Download Free PDF. Download PDF. A short summary of this paper. Saunders , indicate that, mood disorder causes social and occupational impairment , unlike the manic episode which is present to the patient nearly every day.
Manic depressives may be triggered by a change in the seasons. The summer months is more common for episodes of mania. The bipolar specific rapid cycling specifier is under review to consider whether to keep as is, eliminate, or modify. Manic episodes can be mild but are usually quite common in bipolar disorder.
It is an identified psychological postpartum complication in new mothers. During this time frame, rapid mood swings, feeling of helplessness, disturbed sleep pattern or difficulty to sleep. Case Study 2: EM, a year-old male, displays characteristics of bipolar I disorder with psychotic symptoms. Bipolar I disorder is a mood disorder where individuals have major depressive and full manic episodes, which may include psychotic features like hallucinations or delusions Comer, People with bipolar I disorder display, during their manic state which typically lasts at least a week, exhibit irritable, angry or abnormally high moods Comer,